Jakarta Globe | Insight

Female Ministers in Post-Suharto Era

Jakarta. After the authoritarian New Order rule of former President Suharto, Indonesia entered the so-called Reformasi period, which started when B.J. Habibie took over as president in May 1998.

The role of women in the successive cabinets has since become increasingly important.

President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo bestowed his trust on nine female ministers in his Working Cabinet, which has the highest representation of women in the country’s history.

We can also see there is a positive trend in women’s representation in Indonesia’s top-level politics.

Reform Cabinet (1998-1999) of B.J. Habibie:

  1. Women’s Affairs Minister Tuti Alawiyah

National Unity Cabinet (1999-2001) of Abdurrahman Wahid:

  1. Housing and Regional Development Minister Erna Witoelar
  2. Women’s Empowerment Minister Khofifah Indar Parawangsa

Gotong Royong Cabinet (2001-2004) of Megawati Sukarnoputri (Indonesia’s first female president):

  1. Industry and Trade Minister Rini Sumarno
  2. Women’s Empowerment Minister Sri Redjeki Soemardjoto

United Indonesia Cabinet I (2004-2009) of Susilo Bambang Yudhono: 

  1. Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indarwati
  2. Trade Minister and acting State Enterprises Minister Mari Elka Pangestu
  3. Health Minister Siti Fadilah Supari
  4. Women’s Empowerment Minister Meuthia Hatta Swasono

United Indonesia Cabinet II (2009-2014) of Susilo Bambang Yudhono:

  1. Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati
  2. Trade Minister Mari Elka Pangestu (later serving as Tourism and Creative Economy Minister)
  3. Health Minister Endang Rahayu Adiningsih (after her death replaced by Nafsiah Mboi)
  4. National Development Planning Minister, acting Manpower and Transmigration Minister, and acting Underdeveloped Regions Minister Armida Alisjahbana
  5. Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection Minister Linda Amalia Sari
  6. Deputy Finance Minister Anny Ratnawati

Working Cabinet (2014-present) of Joko Widodo:

  1. State Enterprises Minister Rini Sumarno
  2. Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar
  3. Coordinating Human Development and Cultural Affairs Minister Puan Maharani
  4. Health Minister Nila F. Moeloek
  5. Social Affairs Minister Khofifah Indar Parawangsa (she resigned this year to run in East Java’s gubernatorial election)
  6. Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection Minister Yohana Yembise
  7. Foreign Affairs Minister Retno Marsudi
  8. Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Minister Susi Pudjiastuti
  9. Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indarwati
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